Coral reef monitoring in St Maarten 2016 and 2017 Impact of Hurricane Irma on St Maarten Reefs and on the Man of War Shoal Marine Protected Area

Photo credit: The Ocean Agency

Carnivorous fish biomass, with a focus on grouper and snapper biomass, varied the most amongst these reefs after the hurricanes. These carnivores increased in biomass and changed reef location, shifting from reefs outside of the Marine Park to those within. Mechanical damage and sediment shifting, both depositing and removal, were observed on the reefs.