Socioeconomic Manual for Coral Reef Management: 2000

Photo credit: The Ocean Agency

Coral reef management has focused traditionally on the biophysical aspects of coral reefs – the corals, other benthos, fishes and the physics and chemistry of surrounding waters. Today reefs are coming under increasing pressures from human activities. Therefore, the human dimension of reef management must play an important role in reef management programmes that now emphasise stakeholder involvement, community participation, and cooperative management.