The tsunamis of Sunday 26th December, 2004 caught many people across the Indian Ocean unprepared.
The subsequent tsunami’s from the unexpected earthquake that struck without apparent warning saw many local people and tourists walking onto the beach as the water receded to investigate a hidden realm. Within minutes, a series of massive waves returned to carry them away and invade the land. The tsunamis resulted in more than 250,000 people killed or missing and caused massive destruction to coastal resources and infrastructure. The focus in this report is on the impacts of the natural coastal resources, especially coral reefs and mangrove forests, and the responses by the international community.