Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2004 Volume 2

Photo credit: The Ocean Agency

Volume 2 of the Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2004 continues to document how human activities are the primary cause of the global coral reef crisis

The report also details many initiatives aimed at reversing this degradation; by conserving the biodiversity and the economic value and beauty of coral reefs. The report recognises that the major stresses to coral reefs are:

  • natural forces that they have coped with for millions of years;
  • direct human pressures, including sediment and nutrient pollution from the land, over-exploitation and damaging fishing practices, engineering modification of shorelines;
  • and the global threats of climate change causing coral bleaching, rising sea levels and potentially threatening the ability of corals to form skeletons in more acid waters.
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