China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, South Korea, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
GCRMN point of contact
The region supports the largest area of coral reefs of all the GCRMN regions, accounting for over 30% (78,272 km2) of the world’s total. The region is also home to two of the world’s largest archipelagic states—Indonesia with more than 17,000 islands and the Philippines with over 7,000 islands.
Overlapping with the Coral Triangle, an area recognized as the global epicentre of marine biodiversity, the EAS region boasts the world’s greatest diversity of reef-building corals with nearly 600 species, six of the world’s seven marine turtle species and more than 2,000 reef fish species. It also includes some of the most important spawning grounds for commercially important tuna species, supporting the largest tuna fisheries in the world.
(i) Marine Ecoregions of the World (MEOW) is a biogeographic classification of the world’s coasts and shelves (Spalding et al., 2007).