American Samoa (USA), Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas (USA), Cook Islands, Fiji, Federated States of Micronesia, French Polynesia (France), Main and Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (USA), Kingdom of Tonga, Republic of Kiribati, Republic of the Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Caledonia (France), Niue, Republic of Palau, Pitcairn (UK), Pacific Remote Island Area (USA), Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau (NZ), Tuvalu, Vanuatu, and Wallis & Futuna (France).
CRIOBE – USR 3278 CNRS – EPHE – UPVD, Papetoai, Moorea, French Polynesia
Coastal and Marine Ecosystem Adviser
Secretariat of the Pacific Environmental Programme
Pacific islands and archipelagos include sovereign states as well as associated states or territories of continental countries.
The Pacific region is by far the largest of the GCRMN regions in terms of surface area and is unique in that the coral reefs occur mainly around oceanic islands. It includes more than 25,000 islands and supports almost 27% (about 69,424 km2) of the total global area of coral reefs. Spread across such a large area, these reefs vary considerably in terms of proximity to continents, reef structure, and biodiversity, as well as the frequency and intensity of natural disturbances. Coral reefs are an integral part of Pacific culture and provide a significant amount of dietary protein (25-100%).
For the Pacific region, the data integration process is ensured by Jérémy Wicquart. During the production of a report, the analyses and drafts produced by the editors are submitted to a review by the data owners supervised by the node manager (Serge Planes).
(i) Marine Ecoregions of the World (MEOW) is a biogeographic classification of the world’s coasts and shelves (Spalding et al., 2007).