Resources

Resources related to the GCRMN and coral reefs include GCRMN reports, monitoring guidelines & protocols, and resources relating to Socio-economic Monitoring (SocMon). These can be filtered by category and region.

Regional Context

Key numbers

  • Total area of coral reefs 13,605 km2
  • Proportion of the world’s coral reefs: 5.24%
  • Number of countries with coral reefs: 9
  • Number of Marine Ecoregions of the World (MEOW) ecoregions: 3

Importance of coral reefs

The Red Sea contains the most biologically diverse coral reef communities outside of Southeast Asia’s coral triangle. It shares many of the species found elsewhere in the Indo-Pacific, but approximately 10% of species are endemic, making this region one of the most valuable repositories for marine biodiversity in the world. Coral reefs within the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden region cover 13,605 km2, which is about 5.3% of the total global area of coral reefs.

Regional data from 2020 report

Key numbers

  • Total area of coral reefs 13,605 km2
  • Proportion of the world’s coral reefs: 5.24%
  • Number of countries with coral reefs: 9
  • Number of Marine Ecoregions of the World (MEOW) ecoregions: 3

Read the Regional Report Chapter >>

Governance

Francesco Ungaro | Unsplash

The coral reef monitoring and status in the Red Sea & Gulf of Aden (PERSGA Region) has been undertaken using the umbrella of the Protocol that Concerning the Conservation of Biological Diversity and the Establishment of Network of Protected Areas in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden (2005), Coral Reef Regional Action Plan & Jeddah Convention (1982). In each PERSGA member states , there are a coral reef monitoring team, which survey regularly the coral reefs and associated biota in their coastal, submerged reefs and inside protected areas. On the other hand and in PERSGA HQ there are Biodiversity & MPAs Program and Sensitive Habitat & Monitoring Program. All these entities and programs work in harmonization for surveying and collecting reef data to produce SOMERs and coral reef status and trends along the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden.

Activities

[Please add current/and or past activities and achievements]

The coral reef monitoring and status in the Red Sea & Gulf of Aden (PERSGA Region) has been undertaken using the umbrella of the Protocol that Concerning the Conservation of Biological Diversity and the Establishment of Network of Protected Areas in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden (2005), Coral Reef Regional Action Plan & Jeddah Convention (1982). In each PERSGA member states , there are a coral reef monitoring team, which survey regularly the coral reefs and associated biota in their coastal, submerged reefs and inside protected areas. On the other hand and in PERSGA HQ there are Biodiversity & MPAs Program and Sensitive Habitat & Monitoring Program. All these entities and programs work in harmonization for surveying and collecting reef data to produce SOMERs and coral reef status and trends along the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden.

Tracey Jennings | Ocean Image Bank
Documents

Resources

Regional reports and guidelines from the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden

data submission request

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GCRMN relies on raw monitoring data to produce periodic global and regional assessments of the status and trends of coral reef ecosystems.

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